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Evaluation Report 2015, West Manggarai, Flores, NTT Project
Sent date: 09 November 2015


Executive Summary

In 2013, Daya Pertiwi Foundation (DPF) and BFDW (collaboration of EED and BFDW, Germany based NGO) agreed to colaborate in the implementation of community development project. The project was carried out in one of the less developed regions in Indonesia, namely West Manggarai District, East Nusa Tenggara. The project implemented by DPF and BFDW is called "Community-based rural development and small scale economic development in West Manggarai District, Flores Island, East Nusa Tenggara Province, Indonesia". DPF and BFDW divided the project into two programs, such as CBED and SED, in the period of January 2013 to December 2015. CBED and SED are funded by BFDW with project No. 20120394 G.
The evaluation was conducted by Evaluator Team from the Faculty of Economy and Business, University of Udayana, which aims at assessing the suitability of CBED and SED achievements by analyzing the achievement level based on the proposed plan, for further action in the next project. Based on interview with beneficiaries, DPF team, and field observations, there are some facts found in the ground.
1)    In general, Self-Help Group members found it difficult to fulfill their basic needs, but the financial hardship began to wane after receiving CBED and SED assistance.
2)    Program beneficiaries and village head stated that there is no more illegal logging found within their village territory. Community members cut down the trees only in their own farming land or the village’s farming land upon approval of the village head concerned. 
3)    Self-Help Group members had taken the initiative to promote the success of their group under CEBD and SED grants. It has attracted the people who lives in the surrounding area of CBED and SED beneficiary villages.
4)    Provision of swine breeds has given the farmers additional source of income and productive asset. Additional productive asset earned by the swine breeders ranges from IDR 1.000.000 – IDR 6.000.000, with additional monthly income from IDR 80.000 to IDR 500.000. While, CBED catfish program has yet to provide additional asset and income for farmers due to obstacles in the supply of breeds and feed, as well as water shortage during dry season. Provision of working capital to small entrepreneurs through SED has successfully improved working capital turnover of the whole group members by 20% and increased the amount of income before tax between 30% - 70%.
5)    CBED and SED project implementer involved more than 40% women participation. In CBED swine and catfish, women participation is around 60% and 40% respectively. The same thing occurs in SED, which has more than 40% women participation.

Analysis showed that CBED Swine and SED are relevant, effective, and efficient, resulting in people’s welfare and more women participation. Instead, CBED Catfish failed in its attempt to achieve the desired results due to problems in the supply of breeds, feed, and water shortage. CBED and SED program have some positive impacts on economic, social and environmental aspect. The positive economic impact includes an increase in productive assets, additional income, and working capital turnover. Besides, Swine breeding with pigpen system has reduced crop damage and improved environmental hygiene. CBED and SED program also enhanced the collaboration among community members to achieve the expected goals.
CBED Swine and SED may sustainably maintained as almost all group members met the desired goals, and that the beneficiary groups are expected to return the working capital to DPF through the group leader for distribution to new members in need. On the other hand, CBED Catfish failed to achieve the expected goals, thus it is important to find the best solution to address the problem in breeds and feed supply as well as water shortage during dry season. It is advisable to switch to other form of animal breeding in accordance with the potential of this region, such as goat and pig.
DPF is the party with fucntion to identify the problems and find the best solution. For this purpose, DPF should coordinate with other related parties i.e. financial institutions, higher educational institutions, and prominent figures. To further identify the problem and gain support from the government, financial institutions, higher educational institutions, and prominant figures, it is advisable to conduct Focus Group Discussion (FGD). Outcomes of the FGD shall contain commitment of all stakeholders to succeed the project and to create stakeholders forum for monitoring the project implementation.

                        Denpasar, 30 October 2015
                        Chief of Evaluation Team, FEB Unud,

                        Dr. I Putu Gde Sukaatmadja, SE, MP
                        NIP 19600707 198703 1 020

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